There has been plenty of debate surrounding climate change education in schools, stemming from the recent student-led strikes.
Schools in several countries have started educating students on climate change, but as it’s a relatively new addition to the curriculum, not all are doing so effectively.
In the era of hands-on learning, it seems likely that students will learn about climate change if they see it first-hand.
Schools that want to impart climate change education on the youth must also be sure that they are leading by example in terms of sustainability and being environmentally-friendly.
For example, if they are teaching students how the Earth is suffering because of single-use plastic, they should make efforts to curb plastic waste in school cafeterias.
The most devastating adverse impacts of Climate Change in Africa and other subtropical countries includes
Review of the relationship between Climate change and the African economy revealed that inhabitants in the far north and those living adjacent the coast lines are far more at risk than those in other parts of the countries.
There is an estimated loss in GDP of between 6% and 30% by 2050 in African Countries and predicted 5-25% loss for the south-east and south-south African Countries with the overall impact being worse for the vulnerable groups such as the poor, women, children, old people and those that depend entirely on agriculture for their livelihoods
We deemed it necessary to conduct a survey and demonstrate how much - building the literacy and awareness of Climate Change awareness amongst African students would be , in longer term.
We believe that Education has a crucial role to play in developing future leaders, who eventually would be the decision
We conducted studies in Nigeria, Ghana, South Africa, Malawi, Zambia, Cameroon to determine the level of awareness of students and investigated their perception about the causes of Climate change. The sample for the study consisted of 1200 students who were selected from different institutions of higher learning The instrument used for data collection is a questionnaire titled “Students’ Perception of Climate Change Questionnaire” .
The result showed that the level of awareness of secondary school students about Climate Change was moderate with majority of them having their source of information about Climate Change from school, television, radio and library. The average number of the students have the understanding of the causes of Climate Change with good percentage of them having the opinion that human activities and pollution from industries are the major causes of Climate Change. Also, it showed that high percentage of the students showed their willingness to be agents of information dissemination on Climate Change.
The study concluded that orientation programmes on climate change should be organized for the students from time to time.
Also, seminars and workshops should be organized for the subject teachers to enhance their experience in effectively providing students with the appropriate problem-solving and decisions making skills on climate change.
On this basis, we are on course to educate every African Student on Climate Change.